Creating LVM Volume Group
How to create a LVM group from two hard disk partitions is introduced in this post.
Assume we have installed two hard disks /dev/sdb and /dev/sdc to the server, our task now is to create one LVM volume group vg_xen for installing LVM backed Xen DomUs from these two disks. We will do this by several steps: create partitions on the hard disks, initialize disk partitions and create a volume group.
Create partitions on the hard disksWe can use fdisk to create partitions:
# fdisk /dev/sdbAdd a new partition by command: n
Select primary partition by: p
Select partition number 1: 1
Then select from the first section to the last one.
Write table to disk and exit by command: w
We can find out the new partition in /dev/ directory:
$ ls /dev/sd*We can find:
/dev/sdb1Follow the same procedure to create partition /dev/sdc1
Initialize disk partitionsCreate volume group descriptors at the starts of partitions:
# pvcreate /dev/sdb1 # pvcreate /dev/sdc1
Create a volume group
We create LVM volume group vgxen that contains /dev/sdb1 and /dev/sdc1:
# vgcreate vgxen /dev/sdb1 /dev/sdc1
Activate the new added volume groupWe can activeate it by scan the volume groups:
Add new physical volumes to the volume groupIf we installed another hard disk /dev/sdd afterwards, we can create partition /dev/sdd1 on it and initialize it as introduced above. Then we can add the new physical volume to the volume group:
# vgextend vg_xen /dev/sdd1A more detailed tutorial of extending a LVM volume group can be found here: Extending a LVM Volume Group.