applicom: Fix potential Spectre v1 vulnerabilities

This change “applicom: Fix potential Spectre v1 vulnerabilities” in Linux kernel is authored by Gustavo A. R. Silva <gustavo [at] embeddedor.com> on Wed Jan 9 16:05:10 2019 -0600.

applicom: Fix potential Spectre v1 vulnerabilities

IndexCard is indirectly controlled by user-space, hence leading to
a potential exploitation of the Spectre variant 1 vulnerability.

This issue was detected with the help of Smatch:

drivers/char/applicom.c:418 ac_write() warn: potential spectre issue 'apbs' [r]
drivers/char/applicom.c:728 ac_ioctl() warn: potential spectre issue 'apbs' [r] (local cap)

Fix this by sanitizing IndexCard before using it to index apbs.

Notice that given that speculation windows are large, the policy is
to kill the speculation on the first load and not worry if it can be
completed with a dependent load/store [1].

[1] https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20180423164740.GY17484@dhcp22.suse.cz/

Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Gustavo A. R. Silva <gustavo@embeddedor.com>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

This Linux change may have been applied to various maintained Linux releases and you can find Linux releases including commit d7ac3c6.

There are 35 lines of Linux source code added/deleted in this change. Code changes to Linux kernel are as follows.

 drivers/char/applicom.c | 35 ++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------
 1 file changed, 24 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/char/applicom.c b/drivers/char/applicom.c
index c0a5b1f..4ccc39e 100644
--- a/drivers/char/applicom.c
+++ b/drivers/char/applicom.c
@@ -32,6 +32,7 @@
 #include <linux/wait.h>
 #include <linux/init.h>
 #include <linux/fs.h>
+#include <linux/nospec.h>
 
 #include <asm/io.h>
 #include <linux/uaccess.h>
@@ -386,7 +387,11 @@ static ssize_t ac_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf, size_t count,
 	TicCard = st_loc.tic_des_from_pc;	/* tic number to send            */
 	IndexCard = NumCard - 1;
 
-	if((NumCard < 1) || (NumCard > MAX_BOARD) || !apbs[IndexCard].RamIO)
+	if (IndexCard >= MAX_BOARD)
+		return -EINVAL;
+	IndexCard = array_index_nospec(IndexCard, MAX_BOARD);
+
+	if (!apbs[IndexCard].RamIO)
 		return -EINVAL;
 
 #ifdef DEBUG
@@ -697,6 +702,7 @@ static long ac_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
 	unsigned char IndexCard;
 	void __iomem *pmem;
 	int ret = 0;
+	static int warncount = 10;
 	volatile unsigned char byte_reset_it;
 	struct st_ram_io *adgl;
 	void __user *argp = (void __user *)arg;
@@ -711,16 +717,12 @@ static long ac_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
 	mutex_lock(&ac_mutex);	
 	IndexCard = adgl->num_card-1;
 	 
-	if(cmd != 6 && ((IndexCard >= MAX_BOARD) || !apbs[IndexCard].RamIO)) {
-		static int warncount = 10;
-		if (warncount) {
-			printk( KERN_WARNING "APPLICOM driver IOCTL, bad board number %dn",(int)IndexCard+1);
-			warncount--;
-		}
-		kfree(adgl);
-		mutex_unlock(&ac_mutex);
-		return -EINVAL;
-	}
+	if (cmd != 6 && IndexCard >= MAX_BOARD)
+		goto err;
+	IndexCard = array_index_nospec(IndexCard, MAX_BOARD);
+
+	if (cmd != 6 && !apbs[IndexCard].RamIO)
+		goto err;
 
 	switch (cmd) {
 		
@@ -838,5 +840,16 @@ static long ac_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
 	kfree(adgl);
 	mutex_unlock(&ac_mutex);
 	return 0;
+
+err:
+	if (warncount) {
+		pr_warn("APPLICOM driver IOCTL, bad board number %dn",
+			(int)IndexCard + 1);
+		warncount--;
+	}
+	kfree(adgl);
+	mutex_unlock(&ac_mutex);
+	return -EINVAL;
+
 }
 

The commit for this change in Linux stable tree is d7ac3c6 (patch).

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