perf stat: Fix CSV mode column output for non-cgroup events

This change “perf stat: Fix CSV mode column output for non-cgroup events” in Linux kernel is authored by Stephane Eranian <eranian [at]> on Wed Nov 7 02:50:45 2018 -0800.

perf stat: Fix CSV mode column output for non-cgroup events

When using the -x option, perf stat prints CSV-style output with one
event per line.  For each event, it prints the count, the unit, the
event name, the cgroup, and a bunch of other event specific fields (such
as insn per cycles).

When you use CSV-style mode, you expect a normalized output where each
event is printed with the same number of fields regardless of what it is
so it can easily be imported into a spreadsheet or parsed.

For instance, if an event does not have a unit, then print an empty
field for it.

Although this approach was implemented for the unit, it was not for the

When mixing cgroup and non-cgroup events, then non-cgroup events would
not show an empty field, instead the next field was printed, make
columns not line up correctly.

This patch fixes the cgroup output issues by forcing an empty field
for non-cgroup events as soon as one event has cgroup.


  <not counted> @ @cycles @foo    @ 0    @100.00@@
  2531614       @ @cycles @6420922@100.00@    @

foo cgroup lines up with time_running!


  <not counted> @ @cycles @foo @0       @100.00@@
  2594834       @ @cycles @    @5287372 @100.00@@

Fields line up.

Signed-off-by: Stephane Eranian <>
Acked-by: Jiri Olsa <>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <>
Signed-off-by: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <>

This Linux change may have been applied to various maintained Linux releases and you can find Linux releases including commit bc4da38.

There are 16 lines of Linux source code added/deleted in this change. Code changes to Linux kernel are as follows.

 tools/perf/util/stat-display.c | 16 +++++++++++-----
 1 file changed, 11 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/tools/perf/util/stat-display.c b/tools/perf/util/stat-display.c
index e7b4c44..665ee37 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/stat-display.c
+++ b/tools/perf/util/stat-display.c
@@ -59,6 +59,15 @@ static void print_noise(struct perf_stat_config *config,
 	print_noise_pct(config, stddev_stats(&ps->res_stats[0]), avg);
+static void print_cgroup(struct perf_stat_config *config, struct perf_evsel *evsel)
+	if (nr_cgroups) {
+		const char *cgrp_name = evsel->cgrp ? evsel->cgrp->name  : "";
+		fprintf(config->output, "%s%s", config->csv_sep, cgrp_name);
+	}
 static void aggr_printout(struct perf_stat_config *config,
 			  struct perf_evsel *evsel, int id, int nr)
@@ -336,8 +345,7 @@ static void abs_printout(struct perf_stat_config *config,
 	fprintf(output, "%-*s", config->csv_output ? 0 : 25, perf_evsel__name(evsel));
-	if (evsel->cgrp)
-		fprintf(output, "%s%s", config->csv_sep, evsel->cgrp->name);
+	print_cgroup(config, evsel);
 static bool is_mixed_hw_group(struct perf_evsel *counter)
@@ -431,9 +439,7 @@ static void printout(struct perf_stat_config *config, int id, int nr,
 			config->csv_output ? 0 : -25,
-		if (counter->cgrp)
-			fprintf(config->output, "%s%s",
-				config->csv_sep, counter->cgrp->name);
+		print_cgroup(config, counter);
 		if (!config->csv_output)
 			pm(config, &os, NULL, NULL, "", 0);

The commit for this change in Linux stable tree is bc4da38 (patch).

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