init: rename and re-order boot_cpu_state_init() [Linux 4.18]

This Linux kernel change "init: rename and re-order boot_cpu_state_init()" is included in the Linux 4.18 release. This change is authored by Linus Torvalds <torvalds [at]> on Sun Aug 12 12:19:42 2018 -0700. The commit for this change in Linux stable tree is b5b1404 (patch).

init: rename and re-order boot_cpu_state_init()

This is purely a preparatory patch for upcoming changes during the 4.19
merge window.

We have a function called "boot_cpu_state_init()" that isn't really
about the bootup cpu state: that is done much earlier by the similarly
named "boot_cpu_init()" (note lack of "state" in name).

This function initializes some hotplug CPU state, and needs to run after
the percpu data has been properly initialized.  It even has a comment to
that effect.

Except it _doesn't_ actually run after the percpu data has been properly
initialized.  On x86 it happens to do that, but on at least arm and
arm64, the percpu base pointers are initialized by the arch-specific
'smp_prepare_boot_cpu()' hook, which ran _after_ boot_cpu_state_init().

This had some unexpected results, and in particular we have a patch
pending for the merge window that did the obvious cleanup of using
'this_cpu_write()' in the cpu hotplug init code:

  -       per_cpu_ptr(&cpuhp_state, smp_processor_id())->state = CPUHP_ONLINE;
  +       this_cpu_write(cpuhp_state.state, CPUHP_ONLINE);

which is obviously the right thing to do.  Except because of the
ordering issue, it actually failed miserably and unexpectedly on arm64.

So this just fixes the ordering, and changes the name of the function to
be 'boot_cpu_hotplug_init()' to make it obvious that it's about cpu
hotplug state, because the core CPU state was supposed to have already
been done earlier.

Marked for stable, since the (not yet merged) patch that will show this
problem is marked for stable.

Reported-by: Vlastimil Babka <[email protected]>
Reported-by: Mian Yousaf Kaukab <[email protected]>
Suggested-by: Catalin Marinas <[email protected]>
Acked-by: Thomas Gleixner <[email protected]>
Cc: Will Deacon <[email protected]>
Cc: [email protected]
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <[email protected]>

There are 6 lines of Linux source code added/deleted in this change. Code changes to Linux kernel are as follows.

 include/linux/cpu.h | 2 +-
 init/main.c         | 2 +-
 kernel/cpu.c        | 2 +-
 3 files changed, 3 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/cpu.h b/include/linux/cpu.h
index a97a63e..3233fbe 100644
--- a/include/linux/cpu.h
+++ b/include/linux/cpu.h
@@ -30,7 +30,7 @@ struct cpu {

 extern void boot_cpu_init(void);
-extern void boot_cpu_state_init(void);
+extern void boot_cpu_hotplug_init(void);
 extern void cpu_init(void);
 extern void trap_init(void);

diff --git a/init/main.c b/init/main.c
index 3b4ada1..5e13c54 100644
--- a/init/main.c
+++ b/init/main.c
@@ -561,8 +561,8 @@ asmlinkage __visible void __init start_kernel(void)
-   boot_cpu_state_init();
    smp_prepare_boot_cpu(); /* arch-specific boot-cpu hooks */
+   boot_cpu_hotplug_init();

diff --git a/kernel/cpu.c b/kernel/cpu.c
index 0db8938..2f8f338 100644
--- a/kernel/cpu.c
+++ b/kernel/cpu.c
@@ -2010,7 +2010,7 @@ void __init boot_cpu_init(void)
  * Must be called _AFTER_ setting up the per_cpu areas
-void __init boot_cpu_state_init(void)
+void __init boot_cpu_hotplug_init(void)
    per_cpu_ptr(&cpuhp_state, smp_processor_id())->state = CPUHP_ONLINE;

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