Linux Kernels

PKCS#7: Don't require SpcSpOpusInfo in Authenticode pkcs7 signatures

This change “PKCS#7: Don't require SpcSpOpusInfo in Authenticode pkcs7 signatures” (commit 7ee7014) in Linux kernel is authored by Peter Jones <pjones [at] redhat.com> on Mon Jan 18 10:49:58 2016 -0500.

Description of "PKCS#7: Don't require SpcSpOpusInfo in Authenticode pkcs7 signatures"

The change “PKCS#7: Don't require SpcSpOpusInfo in Authenticode pkcs7 signatures” introduces changes as follows.

PKCS#7: Don't require SpcSpOpusInfo in Authenticode pkcs7 signatures

Dave Young reported:
> Hi,
>
> I saw the warning "Missing required AuthAttr" when testing kexec,
> known issue?  Idea about how to fix it?
>
> The kernel is latest linus tree plus sevral patches from Toshi to
> cleanup io resource structure.
>
> in function pkcs7_sig_note_set_of_authattrs():
>         if (!test_bit(sinfo_has_content_type, &sinfo->aa_set) ||
>             !test_bit(sinfo_has_message_digest, &sinfo->aa_set) ||
>             (ctx->msg->data_type == OID_msIndirectData &&
>              !test_bit(sinfo_has_ms_opus_info, &sinfo->aa_set))) {
>                 pr_warn("Missing required AuthAttr\n");
>                 return -EBADMSG;
>         }
>
> The third condition below is true:
> (ctx->msg->data_type == OID_msIndirectData &&
>              !test_bit(sinfo_has_ms_opus_info, &sinfo->aa_set))
>
> I signed the kernel with redhat test key like below:
> pesign -c 'Red Hat Test Certificate' -i arch/x86/boot/bzImage -o /boot/vmlinuz-4.4.0-rc8+ -s --force

And right he is!  The Authenticode specification is a paragon amongst
technical documents, and has this pearl of wisdom to offer:

---------------------------------
Authenticode-Specific SignerInfo UnauthenticatedAttributes Structures

  The following Authenticode-specific data structures are present in
  SignerInfo authenticated attributes.

  SpcSpOpusInfo
  SpcSpOpusInfo is identified by SPC_SP_OPUS_INFO_OBJID
  (1.3.6.1.4.1.311.2.1.12) and is defined as follows:
  SpcSpOpusInfo ::= SEQUENCE {
    programName  [0] EXPLICIT SpcString OPTIONAL,
    moreInfo     [1] EXPLICIT SpcLink OPTIONAL,
  } --#public--

  SpcSpOpusInfo has two fields:
    programName
      This field contains the program description:
      If publisher chooses not to specify a description, the SpcString
      structure contains a zero-length program name.
      If the publisher chooses to specify a
      description, the SpcString structure contains a Unicode string.
    moreInfo
      This field is set to an SPCLink structure that contains a URL for
      a Web site with more information about the signer. The URL is an
      ASCII string.
---------------------------------

Which is to say that this is an optional *unauthenticated* field which
may be present in the Authenticated Attribute list.  This is not how
pkcs7 is supposed to work, so when David implemented this, he didn't
appreciate the subtlety the original spec author was working with, and
missed the part of the sublime prose that says this Authenticated
Attribute is an Unauthenticated Attribute.  As a result, the code in
question simply takes as given that the Authenticated Attributes should
be authenticated.

But this one should not, individually.  Because it says it's not
authenticated.

It still has to hash right so the TBS digest is correct.  So it is both
authenticated and unauthenticated, all at once.  Truly, a wonder of
technical accomplishment.

Additionally, pesign's implementation has always attempted to be
compatible with the signatures emitted from contemporary versions of
Microsoft's signtool.exe.  During the initial implementation, Microsoft
signatures always produced the same values for SpcSpOpusInfo -
{U"Microsoft Windows", "http://www.microsoft.com"} - without regard to
who the signer was.

Sometime between Windows 8 and Windows 8.1 they stopped including the
field in their signatures altogether, and as such pesign stopped
producing them in commits c0c4da6 and d79cb0c, sometime around June of
2012.  The theory here is that anything that breaks with
pesign signatures would also be breaking with signtool.exe sigs as well,
and that'll be a more noticed problem for firmwares parsing it, so it'll
get fixed.  The fact that we've done exactly this bug in Linux code is
first class, grade A irony.

So anyway, we should not be checking this field for presence or any
particular value: if the field exists, it should be at the right place,
but aside from that, as long as the hash matches the field is good.

Signed-off-by: Peter Jones <pjones@redhat.com>
Tested-by: Dave Young <dyoung@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>

Linux kernel releases containing commit 7ee7014

The Linux kernel releases containing this commit are as follows.

Linux kernel code changes from "PKCS#7: Don't require SpcSpOpusInfo in Authenticode pkcs7 signatures"

There are 4 lines of Linux source code added/deleted in this change. Code changes to Linux kernel are as follows.

 crypto/asymmetric_keys/pkcs7_parser.c | 4 +---
 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 3 deletions(-)
 
diff --git a/crypto/asymmetric_keys/pkcs7_parser.c b/crypto/asymmetric_keys/pkcs7_parser.c
index 758acabf2d81..8f3056cd0399 100644
--- a/crypto/asymmetric_keys/pkcs7_parser.c
+++ b/crypto/asymmetric_keys/pkcs7_parser.c
@@ -547,9 +547,7 @@ int pkcs7_sig_note_set_of_authattrs(void *context, size_t hdrlen,
 	struct pkcs7_signed_info *sinfo = ctx->sinfo;
 
 	if (!test_bit(sinfo_has_content_type, &sinfo->aa_set) ||
-	    !test_bit(sinfo_has_message_digest, &sinfo->aa_set) ||
-	    (ctx->msg->data_type == OID_msIndirectData &&
-	     !test_bit(sinfo_has_ms_opus_info, &sinfo->aa_set))) {
+	    !test_bit(sinfo_has_message_digest, &sinfo->aa_set)) {
 		pr_warn("Missing required AuthAttr\n");
 		return -EBADMSG;
 	}

The commit for this change in Linux stable tree is 7ee7014 (patch).

Last modified: 2020/01/11 09:51