tcp: reset sk_send_head in tcp_write_queue_purge [Linux 4.4.187]

This Linux kernel change "tcp: reset sk_send_head in tcp_write_queue_purge" is included in the Linux 4.4.187 release. This change is authored by Soheil Hassas Yeganeh <soheil [at] google.com> on Mon Jul 29 21:21:08 2019 +0800. The commit for this change in Linux stable tree is 8f0b77b (patch) which is from upstream commit dbbf2d1. The same Linux upstream change may have been applied to various maintained Linux releases and you can find all Linux releases containing changes from upstream dbbf2d1.

tcp: reset sk_send_head in tcp_write_queue_purge

[ Upstream commit dbbf2d1e4077bab0c65ece2765d3fc69cf7d610f ]

tcp_write_queue_purge clears all the SKBs in the write queue
but does not reset the sk_send_head. As a result, we can have
a NULL pointer dereference anywhere that we use tcp_send_head
instead of the tcp_write_queue_tail.

For example, after a27fd7a8ed38 (tcp: purge write queue upon RST),
we can purge the write queue on RST. Prior to
75c119afe14f (tcp: implement rb-tree based retransmit queue),
tcp_push will only check tcp_send_head and then accesses
tcp_write_queue_tail to send the actual SKB. As a result, it will
dereference a NULL pointer.

This has been reported twice for 4.14 where we don't have
75c119afe14f:

By Timofey Titovets:

[  422.081094] BUG: unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference
at 0000000000000038
[  422.081254] IP: tcp_push+0x42/0x110
[  422.081314] PGD 0 P4D 0
[  422.081364] Oops: 0002 [#1] SMP PTI

By Yongjian Xu:

BUG: unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at 0000000000000038
IP: tcp_push+0x48/0x120
PGD 80000007ff77b067 P4D 80000007ff77b067 PUD 7fd989067 PMD 0
Oops: 0002 [#18] SMP PTI
Modules linked in: tcp_diag inet_diag tcp_bbr sch_fq iTCO_wdt
iTCO_vendor_support pcspkr ixgbe mdio i2c_i801 lpc_ich joydev input_leds shpchp
e1000e igb dca ptp pps_core hwmon mei_me mei ipmi_si ipmi_msghandler sg ses
scsi_transport_sas enclosure ext4 jbd2 mbcache sd_mod ahci libahci megaraid_sas
wmi ast ttm dm_mirror dm_region_hash dm_log dm_mod dax
CPU: 6 PID: 14156 Comm: [ET_NET 6] Tainted: G D 4.14.26-1.el6.x86_64 #1
Hardware name: LENOVO ThinkServer RD440 /ThinkServer RD440, BIOS A0TS80A
09/22/2014
task: ffff8807d78d8140 task.stack: ffffc9000e944000
RIP: 0010:tcp_push+0x48/0x120
RSP: 0018:ffffc9000e947a88 EFLAGS: 00010246
RAX: 00000000000005b4 RBX: ffff880f7cce9c00 RCX: 0000000000000000
RDX: 0000000000000000 RSI: 0000000000000040 RDI: ffff8807d00f5000
RBP: ffffc9000e947aa8 R08: 0000000000001c84 R09: 0000000000000000
R10: ffff8807d00f5158 R11: 0000000000000000 R12: ffff8807d00f5000
R13: 0000000000000020 R14: 00000000000256d4 R15: 0000000000000000
FS: 00007f5916de9700(0000) GS:ffff88107fd00000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
CR2: 0000000000000038 CR3: 00000007f8226004 CR4: 00000000001606e0
Call Trace:
tcp_sendmsg_locked+0x33d/0xe50
tcp_sendmsg+0x37/0x60
inet_sendmsg+0x39/0xc0
sock_sendmsg+0x49/0x60
sock_write_iter+0xb6/0x100
do_iter_readv_writev+0xec/0x130
? rw_verify_area+0x49/0xb0
do_iter_write+0x97/0xd0
vfs_writev+0x7e/0xe0
? __wake_up_common_lock+0x80/0xa0
? __fget_light+0x2c/0x70
? __do_page_fault+0x1e7/0x530
do_writev+0x60/0xf0
? inet_shutdown+0xac/0x110
SyS_writev+0x10/0x20
do_syscall_64+0x6f/0x140
? prepare_exit_to_usermode+0x8b/0xa0
entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x3d/0xa2
RIP: 0033:0x3135ce0c57
RSP: 002b:00007f5916de4b00 EFLAGS: 00000293 ORIG_RAX: 0000000000000014
RAX: ffffffffffffffda RBX: 0000000000000000 RCX: 0000003135ce0c57
RDX: 0000000000000002 RSI: 00007f5916de4b90 RDI: 000000000000606f
RBP: 0000000000000000 R08: 0000000000000000 R09: 00007f5916de8c38
R10: 0000000000000000 R11: 0000000000000293 R12: 00000000000464cc
R13: 00007f5916de8c30 R14: 00007f58d8bef080 R15: 0000000000000002
Code: 48 8b 97 60 01 00 00 4c 8d 97 58 01 00 00 41 b9 00 00 00 00 41 89 f3 4c 39
d2 49 0f 44 d1 41 81 e3 00 80 00 00 0f 85 b0 00 00 00 <80> 4a 38 08 44 8b 8f 74
06 00 00 44 89 8f 7c 06 00 00 83 e6 01
RIP: tcp_push+0x48/0x120 RSP: ffffc9000e947a88
CR2: 0000000000000038
---[ end trace 8d545c2e93515549 ]---

There is other scenario which found in stable 4.4:
Allocated:
 [<ffffffff82f380a6>] __alloc_skb+0xe6/0x600 net/core/skbuff.c:218
 [<ffffffff832466c3>] alloc_skb_fclone include/linux/skbuff.h:856 [inline]
 [<ffffffff832466c3>] sk_stream_alloc_skb+0xa3/0x5d0 net/ipv4/tcp.c:833
 [<ffffffff83249164>] tcp_sendmsg+0xd34/0x2b00 net/ipv4/tcp.c:1178
 [<ffffffff83300ef3>] inet_sendmsg+0x203/0x4d0 net/ipv4/af_inet.c:755
Freed:
 [<ffffffff82f372fd>] __kfree_skb+0x1d/0x20 net/core/skbuff.c:676
 [<ffffffff83288834>] sk_wmem_free_skb include/net/sock.h:1447 [inline]
 [<ffffffff83288834>] tcp_write_queue_purge include/net/tcp.h:1460 [inline]
 [<ffffffff83288834>] tcp_connect_init net/ipv4/tcp_output.c:3122 [inline]
 [<ffffffff83288834>] tcp_connect+0xb24/0x30c0 net/ipv4/tcp_output.c:3261
 [<ffffffff8329b991>] tcp_v4_connect+0xf31/0x1890 net/ipv4/tcp_ipv4.c:246

BUG: KASAN: use-after-free in tcp_skb_pcount include/net/tcp.h:796 [inline]
BUG: KASAN: use-after-free in tcp_init_tso_segs net/ipv4/tcp_output.c:1619 [inline]
BUG: KASAN: use-after-free in tcp_write_xmit+0x3fc2/0x4cb0 net/ipv4/tcp_output.c:2056
 [<ffffffff81515cd5>] kasan_report.cold.7+0x175/0x2f7 mm/kasan/report.c:408
 [<ffffffff814f9784>] __asan_report_load2_noabort+0x14/0x20 mm/kasan/report.c:427
 [<ffffffff83286582>] tcp_skb_pcount include/net/tcp.h:796 [inline]
 [<ffffffff83286582>] tcp_init_tso_segs net/ipv4/tcp_output.c:1619 [inline]
 [<ffffffff83286582>] tcp_write_xmit+0x3fc2/0x4cb0 net/ipv4/tcp_output.c:2056
 [<ffffffff83287a40>] __tcp_push_pending_frames+0xa0/0x290 net/ipv4/tcp_output.c:2307

stable 4.4 and stable 4.9 don't have the commit abb4a8b870b5 ("tcp: purge write queue upon RST")
which is referred in dbbf2d1e4077,
in tcp_connect_init, it calls tcp_write_queue_purge, and does not reset sk_send_head, then UAF.

stable 4.14 have the commit abb4a8b870b5 ("tcp: purge write queue upon RST"),
in tcp_reset, it calls tcp_write_queue_purge(sk), and does not reset sk_send_head, then UAF.

So this patch can be used to fix stable 4.4 and 4.9.

Fixes: a27fd7a8ed38 (tcp: purge write queue upon RST)
Reported-by: Timofey Titovets <[email protected]>
Reported-by: Yongjian Xu <[email protected]>
Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <[email protected]>
Signed-off-by: Soheil Hassas Yeganeh <[email protected]>
Tested-by: Yongjian Xu <[email protected]>
Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <[email protected]>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <[email protected]>
Signed-off-by: Mao Wenan <[email protected]>
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <[email protected]>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <[email protected]>

There are 11 lines of Linux source code added/deleted in this change. Code changes to Linux kernel are as follows.

 include/net/tcp.h | 11 ++++++-----
 1 file changed, 6 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/net/tcp.h b/include/net/tcp.h
index bf8a0da..77438a8 100644
--- a/include/net/tcp.h
+++ b/include/net/tcp.h
@@ -1443,6 +1443,11 @@ struct sock *tcp_try_fastopen(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb,
 void tcp_fastopen_init_key_once(bool publish);
 #define TCP_FASTOPEN_KEY_LENGTH 16

+static inline void tcp_init_send_head(struct sock *sk)
+{
+   sk->sk_send_head = NULL;
+}
+
 /* Fastopen key context */
 struct tcp_fastopen_context {
    struct crypto_cipher    *tfm;
@@ -1459,6 +1464,7 @@ static inline void tcp_write_queue_purge(struct sock *sk)
        sk_wmem_free_skb(sk, skb);
    sk_mem_reclaim(sk);
    tcp_clear_all_retrans_hints(tcp_sk(sk));
+   tcp_init_send_head(sk);
    inet_csk(sk)->icsk_backoff = 0;
 }

@@ -1520,11 +1526,6 @@ static inline void tcp_check_send_head(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb_unli
        tcp_sk(sk)->highest_sack = NULL;
 }

-static inline void tcp_init_send_head(struct sock *sk)
-{
-   sk->sk_send_head = NULL;
-}
-
 static inline void __tcp_add_write_queue_tail(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb)
 {
    __skb_queue_tail(&sk->sk_write_queue, skb);

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