fs/proc/proc_sysctl.c: fix NULL pointer dereference in put_links [Linux 3.16.72]

This Linux kernel change "fs/proc/proc_sysctl.c: fix NULL pointer dereference in put_links" is included in the Linux 3.16.72 release. This change is authored by YueHaibing <yuehaibing [at] huawei.com> on Thu Mar 28 20:44:40 2019 -0700. The commit for this change in Linux stable tree is 79c7d53 (patch) which is from upstream commit 23da958. The same Linux upstream change may have been applied to various maintained Linux releases and you can find all Linux releases containing changes from upstream 23da958.

fs/proc/proc_sysctl.c: fix NULL pointer dereference in put_links

commit 23da9588037ecdd4901db76a5b79a42b529c4ec3 upstream.

Syzkaller reports:

kasan: GPF could be caused by NULL-ptr deref or user memory access
general protection fault: 0000 [#1] SMP KASAN PTI
CPU: 1 PID: 5373 Comm: syz-executor.0 Not tainted 5.0.0-rc8+ #3
Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS 1.10.2-1ubuntu1 04/01/2014
RIP: 0010:put_links+0x101/0x440 fs/proc/proc_sysctl.c:1599
Code: 00 0f 85 3a 03 00 00 48 8b 43 38 48 89 44 24 20 48 83 c0 38 48 89 c2 48 89 44 24 28 48 b8 00 00 00 00 00 fc ff df 48 c1 ea 03 <80> 3c 02 00 0f 85 fe 02 00 00 48 8b 74 24 20 48 c7 c7 60 2a 9d 91
RSP: 0018:ffff8881d828f238 EFLAGS: 00010202
RAX: dffffc0000000000 RBX: ffff8881e01b1140 RCX: ffffffff8ee98267
RDX: 0000000000000007 RSI: ffffc90001479000 RDI: ffff8881e01b1178
RBP: dffffc0000000000 R08: ffffed103ee27259 R09: ffffed103ee27259
R10: 0000000000000001 R11: ffffed103ee27258 R12: fffffffffffffff4
R13: 0000000000000006 R14: ffff8881f59838c0 R15: dffffc0000000000
FS:  00007f072254f700(0000) GS:ffff8881f7100000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
CS:  0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
CR2: 00007fff8b286668 CR3: 00000001f0542002 CR4: 00000000007606e0
DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2: 0000000000000000
DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000fffe0ff0 DR7: 0000000000000400
PKRU: 55555554
Call Trace:
 drop_sysctl_table+0x152/0x9f0 fs/proc/proc_sysctl.c:1629
 get_subdir fs/proc/proc_sysctl.c:1022 [inline]
 __register_sysctl_table+0xd65/0x1090 fs/proc/proc_sysctl.c:1335
 br_netfilter_init+0xbc/0x1000 [br_netfilter]
 do_one_initcall+0xfa/0x5ca init/main.c:887
 do_init_module+0x204/0x5f6 kernel/module.c:3460
 load_module+0x66b2/0x8570 kernel/module.c:3808
 __do_sys_finit_module+0x238/0x2a0 kernel/module.c:3902
 do_syscall_64+0x147/0x600 arch/x86/entry/common.c:290
RIP: 0033:0x462e99
Code: f7 d8 64 89 02 b8 ff ff ff ff c3 66 0f 1f 44 00 00 48 89 f8 48 89 f7 48 89 d6 48 89 ca 4d 89 c2 4d 89 c8 4c 8b 4c 24 08 0f 05 <48> 3d 01 f0 ff ff 73 01 c3 48 c7 c1 bc ff ff ff f7 d8 64 89 01 48
RSP: 002b:00007f072254ec58 EFLAGS: 00000246 ORIG_RAX: 0000000000000139
RAX: ffffffffffffffda RBX: 000000000073bf00 RCX: 0000000000462e99
RDX: 0000000000000000 RSI: 0000000020000280 RDI: 0000000000000003
RBP: 00007f072254ec70 R08: 0000000000000000 R09: 0000000000000000
R10: 0000000000000000 R11: 0000000000000246 R12: 00007f072254f6bc
R13: 00000000004bcefa R14: 00000000006f6fb0 R15: 0000000000000004
Modules linked in: br_netfilter(+) dvb_usb_dibusb_mc_common dib3000mc dibx000_common dvb_usb_dibusb_common dvb_usb_dw2102 dvb_usb classmate_laptop palmas_regulator cn videobuf2_v4l2 v4l2_common snd_soc_bd28623 mptbase snd_usb_usx2y snd_usbmidi_lib snd_rawmidi wmi libnvdimm lockd sunrpc grace rc_kworld_pc150u rc_core rtc_da9063 sha1_ssse3 i2c_cros_ec_tunnel adxl34x_spi adxl34x nfnetlink lib80211 i5500_temp dvb_as102 dvb_core videobuf2_common videodev media videobuf2_vmalloc videobuf2_memops udc_core lnbp22 leds_lp3952 hid_roccat_ryos s1d13xxxfb mtd vport_geneve openvswitch nf_conncount nf_nat_ipv6 nsh geneve udp_tunnel ip6_udp_tunnel snd_soc_mt6351 sis_agp phylink snd_soc_adau1761_spi snd_soc_adau1761 snd_soc_adau17x1 snd_soc_core snd_pcm_dmaengine ac97_bus snd_compress snd_soc_adau_utils snd_soc_sigmadsp_regmap snd_soc_sigmadsp raid_class hid_roccat_konepure hid_roccat_common hid_roccat c2port_duramar2150 core mdio_bcm_unimac iptable_security iptable_raw iptable_mangle
 iptable_nat nf_nat_ipv4 nf_nat nf_conntrack nf_defrag_ipv6 nf_defrag_ipv4 iptable_filter bpfilter ip6_vti ip_vti ip_gre ipip sit tunnel4 ip_tunnel hsr veth netdevsim devlink vxcan batman_adv cfg80211 rfkill chnl_net caif nlmon dummy team bonding vcan bridge stp llc ip6_gre gre ip6_tunnel tunnel6 tun crct10dif_pclmul crc32_pclmul crc32c_intel ghash_clmulni_intel joydev mousedev ide_pci_generic piix aesni_intel aes_x86_64 ide_core crypto_simd atkbd cryptd glue_helper serio_raw ata_generic pata_acpi i2c_piix4 floppy sch_fq_codel ip_tables x_tables ipv6 [last unloaded: lm73]
Dumping ftrace buffer:
   (ftrace buffer empty)
---[ end trace 770020de38961fd0 ]---

A new dir entry can be created in get_subdir and its 'header->parent' is
set to NULL.  Only after insert_header success, it will be set to 'dir',
otherwise 'header->parent' is set to NULL and drop_sysctl_table is called.
However in err handling path of get_subdir, drop_sysctl_table also be
called on 'new->header' regardless its value of parent pointer.  Then
put_links is called, which triggers NULL-ptr deref when access member of

In fact we have multiple error paths which call drop_sysctl_table() there,
upon failure on insert_links() we also call drop_sysctl_table().And even
in the successful case on __register_sysctl_table() we still always call
drop_sysctl_table().This patch fix it.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/[email protected]
Fixes: 0e47c99d7fe25 ("sysctl: Replace root_list with links between sysctl_table_sets")
Signed-off-by: YueHaibing <[email protected]>
Reported-by: Hulk Robot <[email protected]>
Acked-by: Luis Chamberlain <[email protected]>
Cc: Kees Cook <[email protected]>
Cc: Alexey Dobriyan <[email protected]>
Cc: Alexei Starovoitov <[email protected]>
Cc: Daniel Borkmann <[email protected]>
Cc: Al Viro <[email protected]>
Cc: Eric W. Biederman <[email protected]>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <[email protected]>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <[email protected]>
Signed-off-by: Ben Hutchings <[email protected]>

There are 3 lines of Linux source code added/deleted in this change. Code changes to Linux kernel are as follows.

 fs/proc/proc_sysctl.c | 3 ++-
 1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/fs/proc/proc_sysctl.c b/fs/proc/proc_sysctl.c
index bfb8e8d..1a4a5f0 100644
--- a/fs/proc/proc_sysctl.c
+++ b/fs/proc/proc_sysctl.c
@@ -1550,7 +1550,8 @@ static void drop_sysctl_table(struct ctl_table_header *header)
    if (--header->nreg)

-   put_links(header);
+   if (parent)
+       put_links(header);
    if (!--header->count)
        kfree_rcu(header, rcu);

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