fs/proc/proc_sysctl.c: Fix a NULL pointer dereference [Linux 3.16.72]

This Linux kernel change "fs/proc/proc_sysctl.c: Fix a NULL pointer dereference" is included in the Linux 3.16.72 release. This change is authored by YueHaibing <yuehaibing [at] huawei.com> on Thu Apr 25 22:24:05 2019 -0700. The commit for this change in Linux stable tree is be90e62 (patch) which is from upstream commit 8918955. The same Linux upstream change may have been applied to various maintained Linux releases and you can find all Linux releases containing changes from upstream 8918955.

fs/proc/proc_sysctl.c: Fix a NULL pointer dereference

commit 89189557b47b35683a27c80ee78aef18248eefb4 upstream.

Syzkaller report this:

  sysctl could not get directory: /net//bridge -12
  kasan: CONFIG_KASAN_INLINE enabled
  kasan: GPF could be caused by NULL-ptr deref or user memory access
  general protection fault: 0000 [#1] SMP KASAN PTI
  CPU: 1 PID: 7027 Comm: syz-executor.0 Tainted: G         C        5.1.0-rc3+ #8
  Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS 1.10.2-1ubuntu1 04/01/2014
  RIP: 0010:__write_once_size include/linux/compiler.h:220 [inline]
  RIP: 0010:__rb_change_child include/linux/rbtree_augmented.h:144 [inline]
  RIP: 0010:__rb_erase_augmented include/linux/rbtree_augmented.h:186 [inline]
  RIP: 0010:rb_erase+0x5f4/0x19f0 lib/rbtree.c:459
  Code: 00 0f 85 60 13 00 00 48 89 1a 48 83 c4 18 5b 5d 41 5c 41 5d 41 5e 41 5f c3 48 89 f2 48 b8 00 00 00 00 00 fc ff df 48 c1 ea 03 <80> 3c 02 00 0f 85 75 0c 00 00 4d 85 ed 4c 89 2e 74 ce 4c 89 ea 48
  RSP: 0018:ffff8881bb507778 EFLAGS: 00010206
  RAX: dffffc0000000000 RBX: ffff8881f224b5b8 RCX: ffffffff818f3f6a
  RDX: 000000000000000a RSI: 0000000000000050 RDI: ffff8881f224b568
  RBP: 0000000000000000 R08: ffffed10376a0ef4 R09: ffffed10376a0ef4
  R10: 0000000000000001 R11: ffffed10376a0ef4 R12: ffff8881f224b558
  R13: 0000000000000000 R14: 0000000000000000 R15: 0000000000000000
  FS:  00007f3e7ce13700(0000) GS:ffff8881f7300000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
  CS:  0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
  CR2: 00007fd60fbe9398 CR3: 00000001cb55c001 CR4: 00000000007606e0
  DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2: 0000000000000000
  DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000fffe0ff0 DR7: 0000000000000400
  PKRU: 55555554
  Call Trace:
   erase_entry fs/proc/proc_sysctl.c:178 [inline]
   erase_header+0xe3/0x160 fs/proc/proc_sysctl.c:207
   start_unregistering fs/proc/proc_sysctl.c:331 [inline]
   drop_sysctl_table+0x558/0x880 fs/proc/proc_sysctl.c:1631
   get_subdir fs/proc/proc_sysctl.c:1022 [inline]
   __register_sysctl_table+0xd65/0x1090 fs/proc/proc_sysctl.c:1335
   br_netfilter_init+0x68/0x1000 [br_netfilter]
   do_one_initcall+0xbc/0x47d init/main.c:901
   do_init_module+0x1b5/0x547 kernel/module.c:3456
   load_module+0x6405/0x8c10 kernel/module.c:3804
   __do_sys_finit_module+0x162/0x190 kernel/module.c:3898
   do_syscall_64+0x9f/0x450 arch/x86/entry/common.c:290
   entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x49/0xbe
  Modules linked in: br_netfilter(+) backlight comedi(C) hid_sensor_hub max3100 ti_ads8688 udc_core fddi snd_mona leds_gpio rc_streamzap mtd pata_netcell nf_log_common rc_winfast udp_tunnel snd_usbmidi_lib snd_usb_toneport snd_usb_line6 snd_rawmidi snd_seq_device snd_hwdep videobuf2_v4l2 videobuf2_common videodev media videobuf2_vmalloc videobuf2_memops rc_gadmei_rm008z 8250_of smm665 hid_tmff hid_saitek hwmon_vid rc_ati_tv_wonder_hd_600 rc_core pata_pdc202xx_old dn_rtmsg as3722 ad714x_i2c ad714x snd_soc_cs4265 hid_kensington panel_ilitek_ili9322 drm drm_panel_orientation_quirks ipack cdc_phonet usbcore phonet hid_jabra hid extcon_arizona can_dev industrialio_triggered_buffer kfifo_buf industrialio adm1031 i2c_mux_ltc4306 i2c_mux ipmi_msghandler mlxsw_core snd_soc_cs35l34 snd_soc_core snd_pcm_dmaengine snd_pcm snd_timer ac97_bus snd_compress snd soundcore gpio_da9055 uio ecdh_generic mdio_thunder of_mdio fixed_phy libphy mdio_cavium iptable_security iptable_raw iptable_mangle
   iptable_nat nf_nat nf_conntrack nf_defrag_ipv6 nf_defrag_ipv4 iptable_filter bpfilter ip6_vti ip_vti ip_gre ipip sit tunnel4 ip_tunnel hsr veth netdevsim vxcan batman_adv cfg80211 rfkill chnl_net caif nlmon dummy team bonding vcan bridge stp llc ip6_gre gre ip6_tunnel tunnel6 tun joydev mousedev ppdev tpm kvm_intel kvm irqbypass crct10dif_pclmul crc32_pclmul crc32c_intel ghash_clmulni_intel aesni_intel ide_pci_generic piix aes_x86_64 crypto_simd cryptd ide_core glue_helper input_leds psmouse intel_agp intel_gtt serio_raw ata_generic i2c_piix4 agpgart pata_acpi parport_pc parport floppy rtc_cmos sch_fq_codel ip_tables x_tables sha1_ssse3 sha1_generic ipv6 [last unloaded: br_netfilter]
  Dumping ftrace buffer:
     (ftrace buffer empty)
  ---[ end trace 68741688d5fbfe85 ]---

commit 23da9588037e ("fs/proc/proc_sysctl.c: fix NULL pointer
dereference in put_links") forgot to handle start_unregistering() case,
while header->parent is NULL, it calls erase_header() and as seen in the
above syzkaller call trace, accessing &header->parent->root will trigger
a NULL pointer dereference.

As that commit explained, there is also no need to call
start_unregistering() if header->parent is NULL.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/2019040915[email protected]
Fixes: 23da9588037e ("fs/proc/proc_sysctl.c: fix NULL pointer dereference in put_links")
Fixes: 0e47c99d7fe25 ("sysctl: Replace root_list with links between sysctl_table_sets")
Signed-off-by: YueHaibing <[email protected]>
Reported-by: Hulk Robot <[email protected]>
Reviewed-by: Kees Cook <[email protected]>
Cc: Luis Chamberlain <[email protected]>
Cc: Alexey Dobriyan <[email protected]>
Cc: Al Viro <[email protected]>
Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <[email protected]>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <[email protected]>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <[email protected]>
Signed-off-by: Ben Hutchings <[email protected]>

There are 6 lines of Linux source code added/deleted in this change. Code changes to Linux kernel are as follows.

 fs/proc/proc_sysctl.c | 6 ++++--
 1 file changed, 4 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/proc/proc_sysctl.c b/fs/proc/proc_sysctl.c
index 1a4a5f0..eb7067d 100644
--- a/fs/proc/proc_sysctl.c
+++ b/fs/proc/proc_sysctl.c
@@ -1550,9 +1550,11 @@ static void drop_sysctl_table(struct ctl_table_header *header)
    if (--header->nreg)
        return;

-   if (parent)
+   if (parent) {
        put_links(header);
-   start_unregistering(header);
+       start_unregistering(header);
+   }
+
    if (!--header->count)
        kfree_rcu(header, rcu);

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